Philippine Dermatological Society


  • Teenagers, 10-18 years old


  • Whiteheads and blackheads
  • Red bumps that sometimes may have pus
  • Cysts and nodules in severe cases
  • Areas commonly affected are the face, chest, back, and shoulders

REASONS FOR DEVELOPMENT – Acne is not caused by dirt or “maruming dugo”

  • Clogging of pores
  • Excess oil in the skin
  • Increase in skin bacteria, P. acnes
  • Inflammation


  • Strong family history of acne
  • Use of products that can cause whiteheads and blackheads
  • Application or intake of certain medications (ex. steroids)
  • Hormonal imbalance which may also manifest as irregular menses in females
  • New evidence says diet high in sugars or carbohydrates (high glycemic index/ load) may worsen acne.


  • Requires use of one or more drugs (applied to the skin, taken by mouth, or both) to control and prevent recurrence
  • Discontinue the offending drug, if drug-related
  • Requires long periods of treatment because acne does not go away immediately (it may take one to four months before improvement may be noticed)
  • Certain procedures such as lasers and light therapy, chemical peels, extraction and injection


  • No exact preventive measure as the disorder commonly occurs in teens
  • See a dermatologist for early treatment to prevent complications such as scarring


  • Over-the-counter medications may not work for moderate to severe acne. Ask your dermatologist for prescription-strength medicines and for appropriate procedures for your condition
  • Effective management of acne often require combining two or more medications for best results. A board-certified dermatologist can create a treatment plan suited to your individual needs
  • Acne can be a side effect of a drug used to treat another disorder (ex., use of oral steroids in asthma) or a manifestation of another disease (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome). A board-certified dermatologist will know what to ask in your medical history.
  • Scarring is a complication of acne. A board-certified dermatologist knows the effective and proven therapies for acne to prevent scarring.
  • Scarring must be prevented because it has been shown to cause low self-esteem which may show as poor school performance or impaired socialization skills.